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Creating SMART country objectives is not enough. Please note that you should expect to receive a response from our team, regarding your inquiry, within 2 business days. To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). xii SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance Security cooperation objectives are the foundation of a system that allows policymakers and planners to assess foreign defense part- ners, monitor the performance of security cooperation programs, and … An overarching policy document, nested within DoD policies on acquisition (DoDD 5000.01) and security cooperation (DoDD 5132.03), is needed to articulate the policy objectives of IAC, outline processes that equitably integrate acquisition and international cooperation objectives, and clarify roles and responsibilities for involved stakeholders. Combatant commands have different objective hierarchies, and they do not define their terms in the same way. Programs should conduct an IA&E Assessment as early as possible in a program’s lifecycle to collect information and assess factors that affect international considerations and potential foreign involvement including interoperability requirements, program protection considerations, cooperative opportunities, and international markets. DSCA’s mission is to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by building the capacity of foreign security forces to respond to shared challenges. SC comprises all activities undertaken by the Department of Defense (DoD) to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. How can U.S. Department of Defense security cooperation guidance and planning be improved? BPC transactions are normally referred to as "pseudo-FMS cases". Combatant commands should integrate security cooperation elements of planning under a single authority. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Security cooperation is a force multiplier for the Department of Defense, developing and fostering a network of partners and allies, as well as improving the effectiveness of those partnerships. e. DoD Directive 5200.41E, “DoD Regional Centers for Security Studies,” June 30, 2016, states that the RCs support U.S. defense strategy objectives and policy priorities through: offering executive development, strategic security studies (to program participants), research, and outreach that foster long-term collaborative relationships; C1.1. To what extent are current security cooperation objectives appropriately specified, aligned, prioritized, and measured? It also proposes a systematic approach to developing security cooperation objectives for use by policymakers, planners, program managers, and resource managers. OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to create a SMART security cooperation planning system centered around country plans. How do stakeholders interpret security cooperation guidance, and do they find it sufficiently clear, detailed, and flexible? Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. The Military Departments and Defense agencies are responsible for daily operational Security Cooperation Relationships SC Related Activities and Operations Department of Defense (DOD) policy supports SC activities that enable building security relationships, building partner capacity, and gaining/maintaining access. History. Subscribe to the weekly Policy Currents newsletter to receive updates on the issues that matter most. Date Changes; December 6-12, 2020. USG/DoD Security Cooperation efforts provide U.S.-origin defense equipment, logistics support, and training to our allies and friends around the globe in support USG/DoD national security and defense strategic objectives. Our goal is to advance this understanding throughout the Department of Defense, so that all personnel understand the role of gender in our operations … Manage bilateral and multilateral fora to promote international cooperative programs and facilitate DoD access to new technology; and. Guidance Documents: DoD Directive 5132.03 -- DoD Policy and Responsibilities Relating to Security Cooperation SC activities include transferring defense articles and services, military-to-military exercises, ministerial advising, and train and equip programs. The authors present a detailed evaluation of the extent to which the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria, and they recommend changes to improve DoD security cooperation guidance and planning. - Our International Business Planning JST addresses PMO/IPT-level Security Cooperation planning and implementation considerations for programs with substantial ongoing/anticipated Sales and Transfers-related activity. Objectives For students to summarize the DoD interactions with international partners, known as Security Cooperation (SC), and recognize the totality of policy, planning, assessment, monitoring, execution, evaluation, and end-use control processes associated with … However, countervailing priorities in the current U.S. administration challenge this formulation. The purchasing government pays all costs associated with a sale. This has typically been an area of strength for the United States in ensuring U.S. superiority in an era of strategic competition. Definition and Purpose. McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2016. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1430.html. We determined whether the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)—Security Assistance Accounts (SAA) September 30, 2017, balance sheet was accurate and whether the DSCA and Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) implemented effective controls over financial reporting for the SAAs. - Our FMS - Systems Acquisition JST provides practical advice on how to integrate FMS systems acquisition-related activities at the PMO/IPT level. State Department Role The 2018 National Defense Strategy elevated security cooperation in stressing the importance of "Strengthening alliances and attracting new partners." ACQ 101 Lesson 4 Exam (ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT) 1) The Defense Security Cooperation Agency asks a Military Department to engage their acquisition counterparts in allied and friendly nations regarding the potential benefits of acquiring an upgraded U.S. system that could provide additional coalition capability in the region in order to bolster the U.S. influence in the region. OSD should establish a security cooperation framework that links SMART objectives to assessment, monitoring, and evaluation processes and requirements at the strategic and country level. Objective: All defense security personnel that are in positions that require ... Security is a mission critical function of the Department of Defense (DoD). DoD Security Cooperation includes International Armaments Cooperation (IAC) activities as well as the various elements of Security Assistance, including Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Building Partner Capacity (BPC). This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. This report evaluates DoD's effectiveness in developing SMART security cooperation objectives. Most individual country objectives did not meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound. Coordinates oversight of CWMD research, development, and acquisition activities with the USD(P), USD(P&R), Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. Develop and oversee the implementation of defense policies on international cooperation in coordination with U.S. government agencies, foreign governments, and … The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. The primary source of day-to-day guidance on Security Assistance and BPC policies and practices is the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)-issued Security Assistance Management Manual (eSAMM). SC uses a combination of programs and activities by which DOD, in coordination with For the most part, communication of the SMART concept was informal and ad hoc. Also available in print form. DSCA-2 assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation activities and continue to implement a workforce development program targeting all Department of Defense The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) administers the FMS program. The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that … In response to concerns raised by the security cooperation community and in an effort to support continuous process improvement within the FMS process, this memorandum revises the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) to … RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. 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This research was sponsored by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Security Cooperation and conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community. SMART objectives did not adequately serve as a foundation for security cooperation assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. These objectives include developing specific partner capabilities, building alliances and … to advance national policies and objectives. The 2005 SCG provided the combatant commands with SC objectives, ways to conduct SC, and priority countries. is the DoD agency responsible for directing, administering, and providing guidance for the management of the DoD-executed security assistance programs. In particular, most objectives were not yet measureable or time-bound, and their achievability could not be determined. Understanding of the SMART concept varied among stakeholders. RAND is nonprofit, nonpartisan, and committed to the public interest. Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide, International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) Overview, International Acquisition Career Path (IACP), IA&E Job Support Tools (JSTs) and Lessons Learned, Ask a Question / Share an Idea (Login required). Theater engagement and theater security cooperation have been part of DOD’s lexicon for well over a decade. 10 … The entire security cooperation planning system needs to follow a SMART approach, with different levels of detail linking broad end states to concrete tasks. The program is now overseen by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency through the Defense Security Cooperation University and the Institute for Security Governance. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide Mission Assistance support on a space-available basis to DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) and PMOs/IPTs involved in Sales and Transfers efforts. - Security Cooperation (SC) C1.1.1. IA&E Assessment results should be used to establish the international involvement aspects of a program’s initial Acquisition Strategy. Ultimately, security cooperation funds improve the Department’s ability to promote global security May 8, 2019 — Objective. DoD Directive 5132.03 provides DoD-wide policy and describes DoD organizational responsibilities regarding Security Cooperation activities. More Our Values Although most country plan objectives failed the SMART test, country plans overall and other supporting documents showed more-positive results. DSCA leads the broader U.S. security cooperation enterprise in its efforts to train, educate, advise, and equip foreign partners. DSCA Policy Memo 20-56, Pre-Case Review (PCR)* Policy --- Objectives and Requirements has been posted. Security cooperation enables the United States to deepen its global alliances and partnerships in pursuit of common security objectives. Combatant command security cooperation planning could benefit from greater standardization. cooperation (SC) to refer broadly to DOD interactions with foreign security establishments. Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense is authorized to support other departments and agencies of the United States Government for the purpose of implementing or supporting foreign assistance programs and activities described in subsection (b) that advance security cooperation objectives of the Department of Defense. Department of Defense security cooperation program information, not published on ForeignAssistance.gov, will be published on this site in the interests of improved transparency. Combatant command security cooperation planning was "SMARTer" than individual country objectives. Ongoing changes in the geopolitical landscape and increasing public skepticism of the return on investment for security cooperation, including from President-elect Donald Trump, underscore the need for the new administration and Congress to work … The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that facilitate assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. How might they be revised to better meet the SMART criteria? Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. Historically programs with a significant level of projec… McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance, Command and Control in U.S. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency . Most DoD Security Cooperation policy, organization, and activities (other than IAC) are led and managed by USD(Policy) rather than USD(Acquisition & Sustainment) and USD(Research & Engineering), but many U.S. Government/DoD Security Cooperation activities are implemented through USD(A&S), USD(R&E), and DoD Component acquisition-related IA&E efforts. To what extent do the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound? 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