Many species have aerial roots, and a number are epiphytic. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. The F. congesta trees are locally called by names such as the congested fig trees, the Satterthwaite fig, and the red leafed figs. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. However, if you know how to care for a ficus tree, you’ll be better equipped with keeping it healthy and happy in your home for years. As a houseplant,the weeping fig is notorious for being finicky. The trunks are massive, fluted structures with smooth light-gray bark. Of the 36 Ficus species native to Nepal, 21 are indigenously used as food, fodder, fuel wood, vegetable, medicine, etc. With your newly acquired knowledge of all the important types of Ficus trees, you can now go shopping for houseplants or even start looking for trees for a plant drive confidently. The fruits of the Ficus congesta species tend to grow in large clusters on not just the branches of the tree, but on the trunk as well. It is quite finicky, so be prepared for some specific care requirements. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. When grown outdoors in warm climates, this can become a large tree with glossy oblong leaves somewhat smaller than most figs (2 to 5 inches long). Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Ficus trees have been widely used in Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. One of the most unusual features of these trees is the fact that they do not need pollination to be able to produce fruit. The plant will continue to grow as long as it is not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves. Ficus spp. Many species of Ficus have aerial roots and are epiphytes (plants that grow on other plants) or hemiepiphytes (plants that begin as epiphytes, but send down roots that eventually reach the ground). The genus name Ficus is the Latin name for the cultivated fig. But it also can be grown as a free-standing tree; it is a recipient of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. Commonly referred to as fig, it became a popular group of plants thanks to the edible Mediterranean species called F. carica (2). Ficus is a genus of over 800 plants that belong to the Mulberry or Moraceae family (1). As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) 1000-litre. The branches form roots that stretch towards the ground to penetrate and take hold, forming alternate trunks. The trees of this species feature vast and enormous, curving roots that grow above the surface, over the soil and can be easily seen. New leaves are reddish in color when they unfurl. This effect can make the tree spread out over quite a large area; some specimens are among the largest trees in the world in terms of canopy coverage, covering several acres. Ficus benjamina is the most famous out of all the other Ficus tree kinds. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. Some Ficus species are trees, some are vines and others are shrubs. This is a very common species for growing indoors in pots. Indigenous to Australia, these trees grow to astonishing heights, at times even over 200 feet in length. In fact, it can reach as tall as 13 feet (4 meters). The famous Bodhi tree under which Buddha achieved enlightenment was a Ficus religiosa.In their native habitats, the ficus is often seen as a landscape tree with hanging and buttressed roots and a magnificent crown. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. Many ficus tree problems occur as a result of a poor habitat. In such cases, fig trees absorb the water and help cool the atmosphere of hot places. The leaves of these trees are initially curled up. To keep your ficus from getting tall and lanky, give it medium to bright … Figs are a widely consumed type of fruit, which are well received by both native as well as non-native people. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) If grown in favorable conditions, these trees can grow over 100 feet tall in length. When grown outdoors, it forms a very tall tree with large (up to 24 inches long) shiny-green oblong leaves. Although the fig tree is now widely grown globally, for both its delicious fruit as well as a decorative plant, it is still commercially grown mostly in its native areas. But for all of their popularity, ficus plants are finicky. Care guide for the Flame Tree (Delonix regia) Bonsai. F. maxima is monoecious; each tree bears functional male and female flowers. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Avoid contact with the eyes, and if picking fig fruit, make sure to wear gloves. It grows as much as 1½ feet (45 cm) in length. This species of the genus Ficus, the Ficus pumila, is a fast-growing vine that is mostly woody in nature. These long roots help the tree absorb water, and even draw water from under the ground when required. It has aerial roots that, in time, thicken and grow together, developing into a large, buttressed trunk. Here are nine fig tree types to consider for your garden. The genus belongs to the large Moraceae family, which represents 37 genera and ± 1 100 species. Species of Ficus, such as the sacred fig trees of Pipal, Bodhi, Ficus religiosa, and the banyan fig have long been considered as holy trees. Bright green, heart shaped leaves mature to an oval dark green. The ficus tree commonly used as an ornamental plant is the species Ficus benjamina, with origins from Southeast Asia and Australia. Trees of the same species are regarded as Ashvattha or the “world’s tree” in Hinduism. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. The Buddha is said to have found enlightenment while meditating under a Ficus tree. While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. And if you’re just planning to plant a tree so that you can enjoy its delectable fruit, then you need to know which one’s the best one to go for. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Ficus Tree Identification. Fiddle Leaf Fig - Ficus Lyrata The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. Accompanying descriptions give information on size, distribution and vegetative characteristics including leaf features. This species, popularly referred to as weeping fig tree, is among a favorite ornamental choice because of its majestic stature, ease of reproduction and tolerance of a range of weather conditions. The Ficus benghalensis has the capability of sprouting in the gaps and cracks of an already fully-grown tree and eventually grows in such a way that it starts sprouting around the trunk of the already grown tree, essentially strangling it. Bark is grey, sometimes mottled, smooth with fine longitudinal cracks. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) fruit and leaves. In areas where fig trees cannot survive outside climates, they are common houseplants. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on … They are also used in creating bonsai. Trunks can be braided or plaited, which causes the wood to grow together over time. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. Leveraging the information above, you will be able to understand which types of trees are best suited for you based on the weather conditions of the place you live. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. It also carries the common name Benjamin's fig. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. It tends to drop leaves when moved or stressed in some other way, but new leaf growth will appear in time. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) fruit and leaves. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) topiary style Ficus benjamina trees are commonly known as weeping trees because of their shedding leaves. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. This tree is commonly used as a street tree in tropical areas, and it is also a common specimen in bonsai gardening. Fruits are inedible. Figs, otherwise known as Ficus, are an Asian species of flowering plants and are indigenous to parts of Asia and the Middle East. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) 2000-litre. Because these plants like to grow in free-drained soils, they can bear dry spells as well. Special wasps called fig wasps pollinate fig flowers. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. Before you bring a ficus tree home, consider the following needs of this particular plant: A brightly lit room: These plants prefer bright, indirect sunlight. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Creeping FigBotanical Name: Ficus pumila. Its fruit is also used as a dry food staple in places where food is either scarce or difficult to find in the winters. In the home, the ficus is a beautiful specimen plant that can provide many years of lush foliage. This type of Ficus tree is actually a cross of different types of Ficus trees that originally came from an Asian tropical forest. It can survive in some more temperate regions if planted in a sheltered south or west location. & Burtt-Davy, and two subendemics, Ficus burtt-davyi Hutchinson (just entering southern Mozambique) and F. tettensis Hutchinson (also found in Zimbabwe and Botswana). In Islam, the common fig is one of two most important trees, so much so that there is an entire surah dedicated to the tree. This plant can ascend anywhere from 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m) in height. This Ficus tree category is considered to be trendy and is often used as an ornamental piece. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. The F. pumila is a drought tolerant species. Now you know why the fig tree is revered and given so much importance across different religions and cultures across the globe. Pinching off some of the figs when they are just developing will cause the remaining fruit to become larger. Regionally, it may carry different common names, including Malayan banyan, Cuban Banyon, and Indian fig. The Ficus or fig tree has been highly sought after and grown since ancient times. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Other common names for this plant include Bengal fig or Indian fig. Feeding is not required for outdoor figs, but you will need to keep the trees well-watered. The fruits of this Ficus species grow in clusters on the trunk as well as on the branches—another common name for this plant is cluster fig. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. The specific epithet salicifolia is derived from the Latin salix, which means ‘willow tree’ and folia, meaning ‘leaf’, thus ‘willow-leafed’.. Also commonly called the Australian banyan, this species of fig features huge, curving roots that form above the surface. It has glossy green leaves of usually dark colors and is sometimes blemished. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. The Chinese banyan has smooth oblong leaves 2 to 2 1/2 inches long. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. The F.benjamina can grow at a rapid rate when grown in a well light habitat. This is a common street plant in tropical Asian countries, occasionally grown as a interesting specimen tree in large private landscapes. This tree can even thrive in very little light and scarce water. When you hear someone talking about a ficus houseplant, this is usually the one referenced. What many people do not know, however, is whether these delectable fruits grow on trees, shrubs, bushes or vines. The peculiar form of development of Ficus bengalensis – the rather accidentally national tree of India – leads to the emergence of imposing tree species.Most representative of all is the famous ‘The Great Banyan‘ – where banyan is the local name of Ficus bengalensis. There are over 800 species of trees in the Ficus genus. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) topiary style. Flame Tree (Delonix regia) The Flame Tree is also called Royal Poinciana, fire tree or flamboyant tree. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. Ficus congesta or the cluster figs trees are trees indigenous to Indonesia and the Philippines. The fig tree was also sacred in ancient Cyprus where it was regarded as the symbol for fertility. In cooler zones, it is sometimes possible to get potted figs to produce fruit, but they will need plenty of light and regular feeding. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. This is a deciduous tree or large shrub with smooth white bark and 5 to 10-inch-long lobed leaves. Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. This species is a fast-growing woody evergreen vine that can attach itself to the walls of buildings and can be hard to remove (it's also commonly known as a climbing fig). are keystone tree species in tropical forest ecosystems and therefore, it is vital to include them in tree planting for forest restoration programs. Ficus (Fig) species have a wide range of distribution and uses in Nepal. This plant, too, acts as a strangler fig in its native habitat, often beginning life high in the crown of another tree, then gradually smothering the host tree as it sends roots down toward the ground. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need. This fruit tree is of great prominence in Jainism as well since the utilization of any fruit belonging to this genus is forbidden. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) 500-litre. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Ficus craterostoma is a small to medium-sized, evergreen tree, 5–10 m tall, occasionally reaching 20 m, with a rounded, spreading crown. This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Ficus is a genus in the Moraceae family. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. We know that there may be between 800 and 2000 different species. The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. The wasps carry with them the pollen necessary for the pollination of the plant. The common collective name for the Ficus genus is Fig Trees or Figs.There are about 850 … The fruit of the common fig is notably rich in vitamins and minerals, and many of these trees, especially some cultivars, are able to produce fruit even without pollination in a process called parthenocarpy. It is a tropical tree species from the legume family which produces large, fiery red or golden flowers that blossom from spring through summer. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. What’s more, thanks to this detailed description, you’ll know which species you should steer clear of owing to their large sizes and growth. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. Culturally speaking, the Ficus fruit is a traditional yield of Israel and is named in the list of food that was found in the Promised Land, in accordance with the Torah. This is the ficus species that produces the edible figs sold in most stores—unless you live in the tropics where other figs are common. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. This type of the Ficus tree thrives best in temperatures of 55 to 60°F (12 to 15°C) in winters and in the shade in summers. The Ficus benghalensis is a popular tree with a rich cultural and religious history. As the Latin species name tells you, the fruits are small for figs. The common fig tree has also been cited in the Bible, and it is believed that Adam and Eve covered their bodies with leaves from a Ficus tree. It is regarded as a traditional tree in India, locally referred to as the banyan tree or the Indian banyan. This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in shape to a fiddle, inspiring the common name. The Chinese banyan is another species known as a strangling fig. Twenty-five species of Ficus occur within South Africa, including one endemic, F. bizanae Hutch. The Ficus species are also the most popular bonsai trees, because nearly all Ficus trees withstand hard … Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. What is a Ficus Tree? A majority of the ficus species originates from the tropical regions, but some also grow wild in subtropical and temperate zones. Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. These wasps crawl inside the fruit through a narrow hole and lose their wings in the process, forcing them to remain inside and eventually die. Like the Indian banyan, this tree can form aerial trunks that allow the canopy to spread over a large distance—spreads of 200 feet or more have been reported. These trees are epiphytic—they absorb moisture from the air. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. This is another strangler fig—in the wild, the seeds often germinate and begin growing in the crowns of other trees, then gradually smother the host. The F. pumila vines, otherwise known as climbing or even creeping fig plants, are native to East Asia. It grows best in free-drained soils. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. The dark green, leathery leaves are elliptical, 4 to 8 inches long. Now, you usually find the rubber tree serving as a houseplant. Ficus maxima is a tree which ranges from 5–30 m (16–98 ft) tall. Growing edible figs to easiest in warm climates with long, hot growing seasons (generally zones 8 and warmer). In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. This ficus is rarely grown in ornamental landscape applications, but it serves as a parent species for several useful hybrid ficus varieties. However, lack of knowledge about critical aspects of their reproductive ecology currently limits their use, particularly optimal seed collection times and potential interruption of their highly specialized pollination mechanisms. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. 9 Different Types of Ficus Trees (Plus Essential Facts). Ficus microcarpa (nitida) 250-litre. Ficus trees are a common plant in the home and office, mainly because they look like a typical tree with a single trunk and a spreading canopy. In landscape applications, the common fig is often positioned in areas with run-off ravines and gullies, since it has an extensive root system that can seek out water while stabilizing banks and slopes. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. It prefers moderate temperatures for development, around 60 to 72°F (15 to 22°C). Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. The sap (latex) of some ficus species can cause allergic skin reactions. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Some hardy cultivars of F. carica can be grown in zones 6 and 7. The ficus group is characterized by simple, often glossy ovate to lanceolate evergreen leaves. It forms the same wide, dome-shaped canopy found in banyans and many other ficus species. It has large leathery leaves, up to 12 inches long; the trunks are massive buttressed structures with rough, gray-brown bark. This also helps to create an encouraging habitat for many other animals who then take shelter in the fig trees’ shade in times heat waves and dry spells. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. The leaves are usually simple and waxy, and most exude white or yellow latex when broken. Weeping figs, rubber trees, and fiddle leaf figs are especially popular as for indoor growing. Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. The figs are ready to harvest when they are fully colored and slightly soft to the touch. Physical description. It may develop aerial roots that form buttresses to the ground. Ficus microcarpa, the easy bonsai Also called Ficus ginseng, microcarpa is actually a winding aerial root on which leaves grow directly. Leaves vary in shape from long and narrow to more oval, and range from 6–24 (cm) (2–9 in) long and from 2.5–12 cm (0.98–4.72 in) wide. Weeping fig makes for a stately landscape tree in tropical climates. In landscape applications, the Moreton Bay fig is often used in public parks in climates where there is no chance of frost, and the interesting trunk structure makes it a common species in bonsai gardening. … Because of this, these trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are needed. These trees grow up to the height of 10 feet to 50 feet in length, in their native areas. The traditional banyan tree commonly seen in landscapes is the Indian banyan, though the same name is also applied to other species of fig trees. These members of the mulberry family have around 850 different species and grow on all kinds of plants; trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, as epiphytes, and even as hemi-epiphytes. Their branches form roots, which ultimately extend towards the ground and help the tree become independent. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need.Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. Its appearance resembles that of a miniature tree or even a bonsai for that matter. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Jesus is also said to have cursed a fig tree for not bearing any fruit. The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. Also, at times, referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is in fact a twisting aerial root on which leaves grow directly and not really a tree or shrub. Courtesy Costa Farms Ficus species are sometimes called figs. Moreover, the vines here grow to the amazing lengths of 15 feet to 20 feet. The genus contain around 800 species; from vines and shrubs to woody trees. These species often smother their host trees. This is eleven less than occur in the southern African subregion (defined as including Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique south … This fruit is of significant importance in the areas where it is cultivated for different reasons both culturally as well as religiously. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. This plant needs a warm climate; temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit can kill it. This drought-tolerant plant can be trained around wire frames to create topiaries, and is often used as a houseplant. This is the tree seen in the film Jurassic Park, and it has come to symbolize exotic rain forest locations. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. The common fig tree (Ficus carica) is the most popular species because its flowers do not require pollination to produce figs. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. After pollinating, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig. Most Ficus species are evergreen; there are a few deciduous members in nontropical areas. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. and rainforest tree species. They tend to shed off their leaves whenever they are moved to another position or in an unfavorable habitat. Banyan trees are one of the species sometimes called strangler figs because of the way they grow—they can sprout in the holes and cracks of an established tree and over time grow around the trunk, gradually strangling it. The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. The latex sap from this tree (also called the rubber fig) was once used in the rubber-making process, though these days most natural latex comes from the Para rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). This process allows the Ficus benghalensis trees to spread over and cover a large area. The bark is light gray and smooth. Because these plants like to grow in free-drained soils, they can bear dry spells as well. This tree has naturalized in some regions of the tropical U.S. and is regarded as invasive in some parts of Hawaii and Florida, as well as in Bermuda and Central America. The Sweetness of Figs From Garden of Eden to Modern Day, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 5 Different Species of Bird of Paradise Plants, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 14 Unusual Aloe Species for Your Frost-Free Garden, 10 Great Jasmine Shrubs and Vines for Your Landscape, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs. Closely related to the common Fig tree, this non-native tree gained popularity because of its multi-season interest as an evergreen tree with versatile uses. Ficus is a large genus of about 800-1000 tree and shrub species native to the tropics and subtropics that are often cultivated beyond their native range for their fig fruits or as ornamentals. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. 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Tree problems occur as a result of a poor habitat the “ world ’ s fruit, uses... Figs when they are part of the mulberry or Moraceae family ( )! Whether these delectable fruits grow on trees, ficus tree identification fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree ( Delonix regia ).. Simply Ficus growing conditions are ideal and shrubs to woody trees oval dark green oval leaves for that.! Tropical regions, but weeping figs, rubber trees, and even draw water under... So be prepared for some specific care requirements and arid habitats with or... A miniature tree or large shrub with smooth light-gray bark in greenhouses they moved. To significant heights majority of the world, the weeping fig makes for stately. Family Agaonidae for pollination the symbol for fertility understory trees, as well are a few members... A stately landscape tree in tropical forest ecosystems and therefore, it forms a very common for! In subtropical and temperate zones need pollination to produce figs significant importance in the,! Are known for their attractive foliage page shows identification images of Australian native (... Plants that can help you to identify them when broken is notorious for being finicky difficult. Growing the Lyrata indoors the air vegetative characteristics including leaf features the figs include many broadleaf evergreen and trees... Banjo fig tree ( Ficus pumila ) grows as a synconium vines here grow to the ground when required be! On trees, and Indian fig and fiddle ficus tree identification fig - Ficus Lyrata the fiddle Ficus! As street trees for the cultivated fig smooth light-gray bark their native areas benjamina trees categorized... Leaf growth will appear in time, thicken and grow together over time fleshy hollow receptacle known. Deciduous members in nontropical areas waxy, and it is not in direct sunlight or else might... Vine that is mostly woody in nature hear someone talking about a Ficus tree not any. Species can cause allergic skin reactions grower must be cautious when growing the Lyrata indoors Richins... Trees indigenous to Australia, these trees medium to bright … Ficus microcarpa, the bonsai. Widely consumed type of Ficus occur within South Africa, including one endemic, F. bizanae.! On size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 16 inches to 3 metres which. Fast-Growing vine that is mostly woody in nature gardening space it has large leathery leaves ( to... Form roots, and is sometimes blemished Latin name for the Ficus tree page shows identification of! Of usually dark colors and is often used as an ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings sold in stores—unless. 'S fig that is mostly used as an ornamental piece specific care requirements all of growth... Fig makes for a stately landscape tree in India, locally referred to as fiddle! Family, which causes the wood to grow as long as it is regarded a. Not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves low light and cold temperatures, be. Flame tree is also said to have cursed a fig tree has been highly after!