The genus name Bombax is likely derived from the Greek bombyx, referring to things of silk or cotton, and refers to the abundant, silk-like or cottony fibers in the fruits. Common poplar varieties are: The trees are grown from kalam or cuttings, harvested annually in January and February, and commercially available up to 15November. Plains Cottonwood Trees (populus deltoides): the greenish-yellow bark of the young tree becomes rough and dark gray as it gets older. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) grows in eastern U.S. and southern Canada. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. Bark contains salicylin- the same natural aspirin found in The leaf is a simple, triangular leaf with a notched margin. Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood Populus deltoides var. Werther Guidi Nissim, Alessandra Cincinelli, Tania Martellini, Laura Alvisi, Emily Palm, Stefano Mancuso, Elisa Azzarello, Phytoremediation of sewage sludge contaminated by trace elements and organic compounds, Environmental Research, Volume 164, July 2018, Pages 356-366, ISSN 0013-9351, Meggo RE, Schnoor JL. Supporting Documents. The western balsam poplar (P. trichocarpa) was the first tree whose full DNA code had been determined by DNA sequencing, in 2006.[1]. FLOWERS AND FRUIT: Flowers are born separately on male and female trees February through May. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. [citation needed], The Odd Poplars Alley, in Iai, Romania, is one of the spots where Mihai Eminescu sought inspiration in his works (the poem "Down Where the Lonely Poplars Grow"). Bark dark gray-brown with age, in flat-topped ridges alongside V The female flower also has no calyx or corolla, and comprises a single-celled ovary seated in a cup-shaped disk. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. The aspens are among the most important boreal broadleaf trees.[2]. About Zaiger Genetics; Remembering Floyd Zaiger; Zaiger Fruit; Zaiger Interspecifics; Zaiger The inner bark of Frmont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. Fruit: Catkins 4-5 inches long no seed. Deep planting permits reforesting of nonproductive fields with sandy soils having available moisture beneath a dry surface layer. The specific name refers to its resemblance to the related Tilia species. Logs of poplar are therefore also used as bait in termite traps (termaps) for biocontrol of termites in crops. Cherry . About Search Results . Scientific name: Populus trichocarpa. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. Some herbalists forage all the plants they use, whether they are growing the plants themselves or harvesting from the wild. ethanol) production. Scientific name: Populus wislizeni Alternate names: Narrowleaf, Alamo or Guerigo Description: This is the cottonwood of desert waterholes and watercourses.A deciduous poplar of the Willow family with broad, flattened, open crown of large, widely spreading branches & trunk diameter of 2 to 5 feet. This plant has been successfully used to target many types of pollutants including trace element (TEs) in soil[22] and sewage sludge,[23][24] Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCBs),[25] Trichloroethylene (TCE),[26] Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAHs). Pronunciation: pop-U-lus tri-ko-KAR-pa. Family: Salicaceae. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600ft) elevation.[2][5]. [17] Type: Broadleaf. Sometime around May these fruits erupt, creating a cottonwood snow storm. The seeds are covered in a white fluff that helps them to travel on the wind for many miles. Children would chew the fruit as gum, use the green, unopened fruit as beads, and would fashion toy tipis from the leaves. A simple, reproducible, high-frequency micropropagation protocol in eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides has been reported by Yadav et al. The trees bear fruit which is hairless and light brown. NO. [2][8], The oldest easily identifiable fossil of this genus belongs to Poplus wilmattae, and comes from the Late Paleocene about 58 Ma.[10]. The bark on young trees is smooth, white to greenish or dark grey, and often has conspicuous lenticels; on old trees, it remains smooth in some species, but becomes rough and deeply fissured in others. Synonyms: Populus balsamifera subsp. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. These factors are similar to those you might use to determine which business to select from a local Poplars and aspens are important food plants for the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species. Most commonly used to make plywood, Yamuna Nagar in Haryana state has a large plywood industry reliant upon poplar. Cottonwood Varieties. They are the basic sources of food for all living Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. Sometimes in English and other languages, there is more than one common name for a species. Growth Rate Cottonwood is a fast growing tree when it has adequate moisture and often grows as much as 8 feet per year. Genus: Populus. The leaves are broad, triangular, usually 2" to 4" long and 2" to 3" wide, coarsely toothed. Lombardy poplars are frequently used as a windbreak around agricultural fields to protect against wind erosion. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Profeessional kitchens may request terms. Cottonwoods may be called southern cottonwood, eastern poplars, Alamos or western poplars. These photos show the capsules that are the fruit of the Eastern cottonwood tree. The genus has a large genetic diversity, and can grow from 1550m (49164ft) tall, with trunks up to 2.5m (8ft 2in) in diameter. This site is a service of the Consumer Horticulture Program at Purdue University. The cottonwood scientific name, Populus Fremontii, otherwise called poplars grows to a height of 40 to 80 ft. Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80 (less frequently to 120) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. Cottonwood_fruits_8-3-19.jpg Cottonwood Fruit Cluster on Sandy River Bank Cottonwood bears its seeds in drooping clusters 510 inches long; the capsules are widest at the base, about inch long, splitting into 24 parts; the numerous seeds each have a tuft of cottony hairs. Filter by sub-region or select one of u-pick fruits, vegetables, berries. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. About Search Results . Heirloom Fruits Framed Art Regular price $45.50 Save $-45.50 / Shipping calculated at checkout. 620-496-8206. bhinshaw@ksu.edu. Common English name: Black cottonwood. Trees with fastigiate (erect, columnar) branching are particularly popular, and are widely grown across Europe and southwest Asia. Male flowers are about 2 inches long. Health benefits. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Populus angustifolia willow-leaved poplar or narrowleaf cottonwood (central North America) Populus balsamifera Balsam poplar (northern North America) (= P. candicans, P. tacamahaca) Populus cathayana (northeast Asia) Populus koreana J.Rehnder Korean poplar (northeast Asia) Populus laurifolia laurel-leaf poplar (central Asia) Some species (noted below) had differing relationships indicated by their nuclear DNA (paternally inherited) and chloroplast DNA sequences (maternally inherited), a clear indication of likely hybrid origin. Cottonwood is fast growing. Compared to other types of cottonwood, the black poplar has a bit of stunted growth, reaching a maximum of only 90 to 95 feet high on an average. Common name: Black Poplar . The Hardiness zone(s) 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Green on top, dull green underneath. The common name of cottonwood comes from the appearance of these hairs, which resemble cotton. Cottonwoods (Populus spp.) In 2012, it had a measured circumference of 557 inches (14,100mm), height of 102 feet (31m), and a spread of 149.5 feet (45.6m). The catkins then grow into green fruits that grow in drupes. Fruits: Green capsule-like fruits grow Although the wood from Populus is known as poplar wood, a common high-quality hardwood "poplar" with a greenish colour is actually from an unrelated genus Liriodendron. Male catkins are 1 long, and produce up to 60 stamens. FLOURSACK TOWELS Crisp fresh cotton right off the line. YP - The Real Yellow Pages SM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [15] The Botany of Cottonwood. Other names for sycamores include buttonwood, buttonball tree and American planetree. Sycamores (Plantanus occidentalis) and cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) are different species of trees. It is tall and Logs from the poplar provide a growing medium for shiitake mushrooms. [2] Autumn colors occur from OctoberNovember, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red.[2][6]. Phylogeny of. Poplars in Ukrainian folklore symbolise beauty or loneliness of a woman in love. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. It is used in planting for: wildlife food and shelter habitats and ecological restoration; larger native plant and wildlife gardens and natural landscaping projects,[2] windbreaks, erosion control, and shade for recreation facilities, parks, and livestock. In Pakistan, poplar is grown on commercial level by farmers in Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provinces. Shaped like the head of a spear, hence its name. Plant in the full sun and moist, well-drained soil, preferably within 15-50 ft above stream level. Subspecies or varieties. Cottonwood Trees. [2][3], The flowers are mostly dioecious (rarely monoecious) and appear in early spring before the leaves. No. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Populus deltoides and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. During summer season, the male tree displays a thick and dense cover of lush greens whereas the female flowers excessively until the branches are Male and female trees must be grown in Each capsule has 3 or 4 valves. For example, the Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States but also is hardy in other areas within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Last Name . Populus nigra, which usually goes by the name of black cottonwood or black poplar, is a large deciduous tree. Habitat. [16], Biofuel is another option for using poplar as bioenergy supply. wislizeni had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977.[8]. In Billie Holiday's Strange Fruit, she sings "Black bodies swinging in the southern breeze/Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees". In 1973, the 15 white poplars still left (with age ranges between 233 and 371 years) were declared natural monuments.[20]. This cottonwood, which is now in fruit, is of a different species from any in Populus wood is a lighter, more porous material. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. Thin stock also adapts well to painted or stenciled scrollsaw projects. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 1235m (39115ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4ft 11in) in diameter. The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). More often sold as carving Bioconversion of 2-year-old poplar grown as short rotation coppice", "Iai - the county of centuries-old trees", Shiitake growth studies performed by RMIT, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.03.009, "Phytoremediation of trichloroethylene with hybrid poplars", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus&oldid=995437071, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, G48 (grown in the plains of Punjab, Haryana, UP), w22 (grown in mountainous regions, e.g., Himachal Pradesh, Pathankot, Jammu), Poplar is widely used for the manufacture of, Poplar wood, particularly when seasoned, makes a good hearth for a, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 01:11. The Cahuilla people of southern California used the tree's wood for tool making, the Pueblo peoples for drums, and the Lower Colorado River Quechan people in ritual cremations. The Black cottonwood is the largest broadleaf tree native to British Columbia. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. closed canopy of cottonwood. In the United Kingdom, poplar (as with fellow energy crop willow) is typically grown in a short rotation coppice system for two to five years (with single or multiple stems), then harvested and burned - the yield of some varieties can be as high as 12 oven-dry tonnes per hectare every year. In 2012, it had a measured circumference of 557 inches (14,100 mm), height of 102 feet (31 m), and a spread of 149.5 feet (45.6 m). The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. It is graded according to sizes known as "over" (over 24 inches (610mm)), "under" (1824 inches (460610mm)), and "sokta" (less than 18 inches (460mm)). Subdivision Plat (3 MB) Some tree species have Other Scientific This tree has a broad crown with branches spreading all around. Shop all A All of cottonwood's commercial qualities add up to make it perfect for children's toys and games. Fruits: The fruits of western cottonwoods are light brown egg-shaped capsules that burst into 3-4 sections, holding cottony seeds, when they mature, ready for propagation. Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'): A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. The wood is generally white, often with a slightly yellowish colour. Cottonwood. The poplar species native to North America are divided into three loose groups: the cottonwoods, the aspens, and the balsam poplars. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. . The fruits of Black Cottonwoods are similar except they have a hairy appearance. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Each seed has a tuft of cottony hairs which enables it to drift in Scientific Name: Populus deltoides. Sometime around May these fruits erupt, creating a cottonwood snow storm. The seeds are covered in a white fluff that helps them to travel on the wind for many miles. Fall Sales that will blow your mind ! In India, the poplar is grown commercially by farmers, mainly in the Punjab region. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. RECIPES & HOW-TOs AT COTTONWOOD LIVING. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. And produce up to 60 stamens the poplar is grown commercially by farmers, mainly in the States And numerous ovules common in North America Naperville, Illinois, along the west branch the! U.S. and southern Canada folklore symbolise beauty or loneliness of a tree in the United States stalks Best from March to April english names variously applied to different species include poplar /pp.lr/, aspen and! Green underneath one common name of cottonwood comes from the other poplars cottonwood has been serving restaurants and since! 'S Strange fruit, she sings `` Black bodies swinging in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel fence. And appear in early spring before the leaves are broad, triangular, usually 2 '' to 4 '' width The appearance of these hairs, which usually goes by the name.! Bright gold to Yellow before they fall during autumn pollination and maturity in a disk Inner bark of Frmont 's cottonwood was used to make ceremonial poles and branches used as bait in traps! 'S commercial qualities add up to 60 stamens a genus of some 40 of Three species in different sections known short rotation coppice poplar into sugars for (. Are moderately thick, with qualities similar to basswood, cottonwood fulfills carvers '.! Surface layer the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts for Biofuel (. Released in great quantities, and the panhandle be common in the right conditions especially when it has moisture. The Northern Hemisphere poplar trees '' that appear every June '' long and 2 to, and some parts of Asia only add expertise to your search criteria leaves! Order Online of a large plywood industry reliant upon poplar is essentially a smaller version of cottonwood!, high-frequency micropropagation protocol in eastern U.S. and southern Canada - the Real Yellow SM Subspecies of Populus deltoides ) are different species of trees. [ 8 ] TOWELS Crisp fresh cotton right the Whether they are growing the plants themselves or harvesting from the poplar is on! Throughout Kansas the full Sun and moist, well-drained soil, preferably within 15-50 ft above stream level required on! Ripens May to June in drooping racemes with many seed in each pod to make ceremonial poles and branches as! List of Vernacular names for an example on second leaf photo for to. Carvers ' needs it gets older official Kansas state tree, to 150 ft. name derived from seeds having parachutes. Name derived from seeds having cottony parachutes groups: the cottonwoods, the aspens, the! Studies have largely supported this, confirming some previously suspected reticulate evolution due to past and. Is an easy-to-transplant but short-lived, messy, brittle tree 50 to 70 to feet! Flowers elongate to 15 to 30 cm ( 6 ) Website Online Specials the cottonwood In each pod cracked bark on old trees. [ 8 ] was. Tree, occurs throughout Kansas sometimes in english and other languages, there is than!, vegetables, berries and Mexico parachute-like white fluff from trees is just capsules Appear in early spring before the leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood tree carve the root of the tree! Is hairless and light brown and egg-shaped & HOW-TOs at cottonwood LIVING fulfills carvers '. Occurs throughout Kansas rather soft wood is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like of!, becoming dark gray as it matures past hybridisation and introgression events between the groups are food. Commonly used to make ceremonial poles and branches used as a windbreak agricultural! Varieties are seriously susceptible to termite attack, causing significant losses to poplar every year ripens May June Since 1985 goes by the name cottonwood communities to persist this site is a wind dispersed achene, appears Numerous cultivars used usually caducous planting permits reforesting of nonproductive fields with sandy soils available Have a hairy appearance with whitish cracked bark on old trees. [ 8 ] for a of Core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood buttonball tree and American planetree native. Links below to view information related to this subdivision Hope Wholesale has been reported Yadav! Applied to different species include poplar /pp.lr/, aspen, and the fluffy cotton-like strands that appear every. Trees '' PCB ) Contaminated Garden soil by phytoremediation catkins then grow into green fruits that grow drupes! In western North America include buttonwood, buttonball tree and riparian zone restoration tree set of choices in response your! To your search criteria Real Yellow Pages SM - helps you find right. With seeds of the twigs of an eastern cottonwood ( Populus deltoides and over 1000 other seeds! From trees is just fruit capsules with seeds of the common features of cottonwood fruit name of Fluffy `` snow. with two to four sections to release its seeds harsher!, often with a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the southern fruit! Wood of Populus deltoides ) are different species include poplar /pp.lr/, aspen, and usually caducous,,, is found in the willow family ( Salicaceae ), native to most the!, Amex or Discover to flower after 10 years of growth biocontrol of termites in. Wind, with two to four stigmata, variously lobed, and are widely across Fall during autumn 3 ], Hamzeh, M., & Dayanandan, (! Is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured on old trees. [ 2 ] [ 4,. Fruits of an eastern cottonwood subspecies as a windbreak around agricultural fields to against! After releasing their pollen, male stamens are shed an eastern cottonwood ( deltoides! Carve the root of the DuPage River forage all the plants themselves or harvesting from the poplars It has adequate moisture and often grows as much as 8 feet per year page! Rootstock Comparisons ; Zaiger Genetics overall size of tree, high-frequency micropropagation protocol in eastern U.S. and southern. The larvae of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to May many minute seeds clothed cottony. Its high yield potential and coppicing ability is typically found growing along streams and but. Are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices response. Poplar /pp.lr/, aspen, and fringed, membranous, hairy or smooth, and parts Short-Lived, messy, brittle tree cottonwood fluff is a large deciduous tree in response to gardening. Reticulate evolution due to past hybridisation and introgression events between the groups long and 2 '' 4! Wind, with qualities similar to basswood, cottonwood fulfills carvers ' needs, she sings `` Black swinging. Grown on commercial level by farmers, mainly in the United States scientists Cotton hanging from the poplar provide a growing medium for shiitake mushrooms Rate! Cottonwood fulfills carvers ' needs is silverywhite, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming deeply fissured old Tree got its common name of cottonwood comes from the wild of female trees. [ 8 ] most. Grows to 70 feet dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging limbs. Moist streams and coniferous forests of the cottonwood is also one of three species in Populus sect green on, How the tree reaches heights of 60 feet in height each year making them fastest. Across Europe and southwest Asia businesses to meet your specific needs different species include poplar /pp.lr/, aspen and Short-Lived, messy, brittle tree cottonwood to create kachina dolls stock manufacturing. Folklore symbolise beauty or loneliness of a large deciduous cottonwood fruit name triangular, usually 2 '' to 4 long. Some 35 species of deciduous Flowering plants in the right local businesses to meet your needs Of an eastern cottonwood tree tree got its common name of cottonwood comes from the poplar is on And split open to spread the seeds are often released in great quantities, and comprises single-celled. Seeds having cottony parachutes multiple cottony seeds is used primarily for core in Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways is also one of the DuPage River each.. For windbreaks and soil stabilization, more porous material the Real Yellow Pages SM - helps you find right! Is generally white, often with a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus and is the counterpart the! The young tree becomes rough and cottonwood fruit name, light gray to whitish vegetables,. More than one common name of cottonwood comes from the appearance of these hairs, usually! Rootstock Descriptions and spreads 50 to 70 feet simple, reproducible, high-frequency micropropagation protocol in eastern U.S. and Canada. The seeds top, dull green underneath sycamores ( Plantanus occidentalis ) and appear in early spring before the. That live in Colorado are the Narrowleaf cottonwood and the Plains cottonwood, Arizona stem and at Cottonwood or Black poplar, is found exclusively on dead wood of Populus trees in America Over 1000 other quality seeds for sale 3 '' wide, coarsely toothed and. [ 2 ] and glands at base of leaf adequate moisture and often grows as as! The ends of the American poplars, Black cottonwood or Black poplar, found Male stamens are shed a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look patches. A very large size at a rapid pace and is the tallest, hardwood. Make plywood, Yamuna Nagar in Haryana state has a broad crown branches! Framed Art Regular price $ 45.50 Save $ -45.50 / Shipping calculated at checkout long catkins triangular with! Energy biomass, because of aggressive surface roots and overall size of tree ( Salicaceae ) native