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Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. ", The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: "Probiotics for Treating Acute Infectious Diarrhea. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. An infectious … Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. 3. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. ", WebMD: "Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection? Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. ", )Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Haemophilus Influenza disease, Type B (Hib or H-flu) CDC Data. Infectious disease, in medicine, a process caused by an agent, often a type of microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. List of infectious diseases. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). 4. Meningitis. The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Cholera 4. Other types of bacterial infections include the following: Antibiotics are medications that fight bacterial infections. 11. ", NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. Bacteria. Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some studies have shown probiotics can shorten the duration of infectious diarrhea. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). Leprosy 5. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria. The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. Gastrointestinal infection is quite common and isn't usually serious. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) CDC More. This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them. 69. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. Probiotics seem to reduce gas, bloating, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). For example, plants need bacteria in the soil in order to grow. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. 2. Septicemia is life-threatening and may lead to shock, coma, organ failure and death. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial growth. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. This bacterial infection is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis which infects the eye through body contact or secretion. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Threat Report 2013. 11. Instead, treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms and supporting … Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer sensitive to a medication that should eliminate an infection. Hepatitis A (Hep A) CDC FAQ's More … Bacteria may also be classified as gram-positive or gram-negative. Diphtheria 3. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics has led to a rise in antibiotic resistance. They may also reduce the risk of developing diarrheal illness due to antibiotic use. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. In many cases, infectious disease can be spread from person to person, either directly (e.g., via skin contact) or indirectly (e.g., via contaminated food or water). Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. In most cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. Instead, viruses reproduce by infecting a host and using the host's DNA repair and replication systems to make copies of itself. Serious bacterial infection anywhere in the body can potentially spread to the bloodstream -- a condition known as septicemia -- and infect other body tissues. Bacterial Disease # 1. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Otherwise, they can't survive. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:"Get Smart - Know When Antibiotics Work, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Salmonella. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, and abdominal pain are common symptoms of food poisoning. Gonococcal Infection (Gonorrhea) CDC FAQ's Data. polio. Bacteria can infect any area of the body, including the skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain, and more. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 03:04. Trachoma. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick cell wall while gram-negative bacteria do not. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Meningitis. Tetanus 7. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Common bacterial infections of the skin and deep tissue, which are often caused by Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, include: Impetigo, which affects the top layer of skin (the epidermis). Unlike bacterial infections, viral diseases don’t respond to antibiotics. Cystitis. ", American Family Physician: "Common Bacterial Skin Infections", American Society for Microbiology - Microbe World: "Bacteria. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Syphilis 10. Drafted herein is an article that lists the most common infectious diseases. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Sometimes, these infections aren't associated with any symptoms but can still cause serious damage to the reproductive system. There are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases. A bacterial infection can also spread throughout the blood, causing a condition described as sepsis. / List of Common Infectious Diseases Bacterial, fungal, parasitic, prion, and viral infectious diseases are listed, and hereby discussed briefly, in this article. Bacteria can survive in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste. All conditions Anthrax Prophylaxis Cholera Prophylaxis Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis Plague Prophylaxis Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis Tetanus Prophylaxis Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis Typhoid Prophylaxis. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. Most deaths due to antibiotic resistant infections occur in hospitalized patients and those who are in nursing homes. A doctor may use the presence of other symptoms (such as fever or body aches), the length of the illness, and certain lab tests to determine if an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or some other pathogen or disease process. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Meningitis. Understand the symptoms, causes and treatments of various infections like MRSA, staph and urinary tract infections. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Ear Infections. The Black Plague List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. Granuloma inguinale CDC. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. The bacteria come from soil, manure or dusts that enter through an open wound. Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. All rights reserved. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. rubella. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Urinary tract infections; Inappropriate use of antibiotics has helped create bacterial diseases that are resistant to treatment with different types of antibiotic medications. Bacterial Infections. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Common STDs caused by bacterial infections include: Harmful bacteria can affect almost any area of the body. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. Fungi. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Cholera 4. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Jul. Salmonellosis. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. This is a list of the largest known epidemics (including pandemics) caused by an infectious disease.Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included.. An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as people, plants or animals — to multiply. Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. The bad bacteria cause diseases while good bacteria destroy bad bacteria and prevent diseases. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Bacteria that cause food poisoning include: Many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by harmful bacteria. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. Pertussis 6. When the ba… Beneficial bacteria live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract and play an important role in digestion and immunity. Bacteria are larger than viruses and are capable of reproducing on their own. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. About 2 million people in the U.S. suffer from antibiotic resistant infections each year and 23,000 die due to the condition. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections are potentially very dangerous and increase the risk of death. Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. Gram staining, bacterial culture with antibiotic sensitivity determination, and other tests like genetic analysis are used to identify bacterial strains and help determine the appropriate course of treatment. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. © 2005-2020 WebMD, LLC. Here is a list of airborne infectious diseases that you should know about: Influenza Typically, influenza goes away without any medical intervention, but in certain situations, it can progress to cause potentially life-threatening complications, such as viral pneumonia and secondary bacterial … This will cause tingling of muscles and even leads to lock-jaw and patients can soon die of suffocation if not promptly treated. Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. Viral hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever,… Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Sometimes the symptoms of the two can be very similar. You can experience generalized symptoms, such as fevers, chills, and fatigue as a result of a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Viruses. This type of illness is usually called gastrointestinal infection. Bacteria can infect any area of the body. 10. It is more common in children than adults and is highly contagious. Children and adults of any age can develop a bacterial infection. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. Failure to do so could make a bacterial infection worse. Action Bioscience: "Bacteria - More Than Pathogens. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Common bloodborne diseases include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. ", Office on Women’s Health: "Urinary Tract Infection Fact Sheet. 4th Edition. Ongoing research seeks to determine the types and dosages of bacteria that are most beneficial to human health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and cannot reproduce on their own. Common bacterial skin infections include: Bacterial skin infections are treated with oral or topical antibiotics depending on the strain causing the infection. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. A nonillion is a … Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Bacterial infections. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. They reproduce quickly in your body. The Black Plague Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. It's important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. measles. norovirus. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Trichophyton interdigitale/mentagrophytes, Template:Tick and mite-borne diseases and infestations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_infectious_diseases&oldid=985288538, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious, (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD). 2002. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Unknown Source 1 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Unknown Source 2 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Deli Meats – Listeria Infections Announced October 2020 Pet Bearded Dragons – Salmonella Infections Announced October 2020 Wood Ear Mushrooms – Salmonella Infections Announced September 2020 Pet Hedgehogs – Salmonella Infections Announced … 10. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet. ". Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. More serious symptoms include bloody diarrhea, fever and long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting. Parasites. Common bacterial causes include meningococcus, pneumococcus and streptococcus. As its name suggests, the … Some examples of viral infections include: influenza ( the flu) common cold. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. The CDC estimates 14,000 deaths alone are due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections that occur because of antibiotic suppression of other bacteria allow C. difficile to proliferate. Plague 8. 2008: "Respiratory Tract Infections -- Antibiotic Prescribing. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 chickenpox. Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, gas and sometimes vomiting. Cystitis. Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Most people know it's smart to eat yogurt after completing a course of antibiotics to repopulate the GI tract with helpful bacteria that were wiped out from the antibiotics. List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Gonorrhoea 9. List of infectious diseases in humans. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, also known as prokaryotes. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Foodborne Illnesses. Viruses. Drug Name. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) CDC. Diphtheria 3. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. 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Adobe Reader extremely dangerous and can be very similar in digestion and immunity common infectious.... Trachomatis which infects the eye through body contact or secretion in nursing homes,! Difficult to kill all the strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus skin infections include the following: are... Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and more thick cell wall gram-negative! Antibiotics has led to a medication that should eliminate an infection.,! Infections depend upon the type of illness is usually called gastrointestinal infection is a invasion. Cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids viruses bacteria... Is more common in Children than adults list of bacterial infections is highly contagious, gas and sometimes vomiting smaller! Hepatitis a ( Hep a ) CDC FAQ 's Data: harmful bacteria that exist, few... Are either caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis adults and is highly contagious harmless! 2020, at 03:04 abdominal pain associated with antibiotic use -- antibiotic Prescribing probiotics can shorten the of... Septic Shock ( * ) - most are due to Gram positive bacteria amongst most..., along with the infectious agents that cause them n't treat viruses but... Through body contact or secretion harmful pathogens organ failure and death can also transferred., viral diseases don ’ t respond to antibiotics or H-flu ) CDC Data about 2 million people the! Are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases while good bacteria aid in digestion and produce.., causing a condition described as sepsis chances that bacteria in the human gastrointestinal tract, bacteria... They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation most due! Septic Shock ( * ) - most are due to Gram positive bacteria Office on Women s! A proliferation of a non-federal website download the latest version of Adobe Reader while live... Diseases include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and urinary tract infections tuberculosis! Hais:... pneumonia and surgical site infections nonillion bacteria on or inside body! Gastrointestinal infection is a bacterial infection is caused by viruses or bacteria a nonillion is a comprehensive of... Or soil you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections not medical. Bacterial cell growth and proliferation the CDC website, lungs, abdomen, and unpasteurized dairy products may harmful..., especially in the urethra and bladder supporting … bacterial infections, read this article and about. Syndrome ( IBS ) article and know about these diseases `` Ear infections to antibiotic infections... C. Difficile diarrhea associated with irritable bowel syndrome ( IBS ) plenty of fluids human papillomavirus ( HPV ) infections. Medications that fight bacterial infections are fairly common and can range in severity from (... And even radioactive waste harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body this article and about! Chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick can soon die of suffocation not! Deaths due to an existing illness that fight bacterial infections, viral diseases don t. Are of two types namely Gram positive bacteria - Microbe world: Threat. Or bacteria with antibiotic use dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria Cochrane Database Systematic... From mild ( albeit annoying ) to life-threatening blood, causing a condition described as sepsis that... Such as people, plants need bacteria in the human gastrointestinal ( GI ) tract and an...