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Bacterial Disease # 1. Immunisation is available to prevent many important bacterial diseases such as Hemophilus influenza Type b (Hib), tetanus and whooping cough.. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Some of the more common conditions caused by a bacterial infection include bacterial vaginosis , kidney infections, and gastroenteritis. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. The signs and symptoms differ according to the kinds of infection, but usually a patient will have chills or a fever. There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. Definition of CRE . Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. Syphilis 10. When the number and type of bacteria increase to a point that the body is no longer able to control the invasion, then symptoms of infection can be noted. Yeast, bacteria, STDs, even hygiene products can all cause an infection or inflammation in the vagina. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. Some oral infections are more serious than others. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a common example, although other types of bacteria and viruses can also cause pneumonia. Plague 8. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Diphtheria 3. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Different Types. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. 2009.American Academy of Pediatrics. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. They usually cause mild infections, … One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). B., ed. The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Salmonellosis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. Leprosy 5. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Dental Caries or Cavities 1. Tetanus 7. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. Osteomyelitis. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). Also, children with a severely weakened immune system are at … Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. In rare cases, these types of infections can be severe and could spread to other areas of the body. 2 Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … 17th ed. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. Virus types If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. Pertussis 6. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Gonorrhoea 9. Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. About Bacterial Infection. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Chin J. 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