(Part of Caesar's "Gallic war"). Caesar and his contemporaries makes impossible claims about the number of Gauls killed (over a million), while claiming almost zero Roman casualties. This series of annual war commentaries is referred to by various names but is commonly called De bello Gallico in Latin, or The Gallic Wars in English. The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns waged by the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes.Rome's war against the Gallic tribes lasted from 58 BC to 50 BC and culminated in the decisive Battle of Alesia in 52 BC, in which a complete Roman victory resulted in the expansion of the Roman Republic over the whole of Gaul (mainly present-day France and Belgium). 'has a northwesterly aspect'. 1869. in-cŏlo, -ĕre, -lŭi: to inhabit, dwell in + acc. (Kelsey) historical map satellite image, Gallia...divisa: Notice the order of the words. 2205 0 obj <>stream Other Format. De Bello Gallico Book I Chapters 1-7. New York. Eōrum ūna pars, quam Gallōs obtinēre dictum est, initium capit ā flūmine Rhodanō; continētur Garumnā flūmine, Ōceanō, fīnibus Belgārum; attingit etiam ab Sēquanīs et Helvētiīs flūmen Rhēnum; vergit ad septentriōnēs. Map: Campaign of 58 BC by Greenough, D'ooge, and Daniell. in Gaul, Germany, and Britain.And, as an aid to his readers, he provides expository information for those who are unfamiliar with the far-off lands and people encountered during his forays. Hinds & Noble, 1898 - Gaul - 393 pages. h��oHQ�g�[׽�;o�W���h���E�Z�� ���'nv� ���_|���GH\���X�}\K�>E�m�L�������4��2(����a�73 @,4� �O ��-�`]��ú����*����ҹ$?�ǽ���ő�mNl#���n�HW�)~Q ���@��=�Mg�6C�Y�L=�O�V̀f�R��j�'"��T~�1��sk�`5�:=[q��8L��_0�̭ڧ�Y�1Σ�23W���h�G;7�q�gqQ�#���Fv��Y\*�qZ����+����#\#�Xc�.>�Qh��,G��&�*cD�J.K�I��N��A��V����G!D��,\eUJ~HV�$���@;T�]2s�� N�Y~��@�O�J/�mBʻx�^�\���|�B�K��������F��C�]�d���3� �f^. Caesar's Gallic War consists of seven parts ("books"), each devoted to one year of campaigning.The first book covers the year 58 BCE: it opens with the war against the Helvetians, continues with a victorious battle against a Germanic army, and culminates in the modest remark that Caesar had concluded two very important wars in a single … 1 Review . Paperback. When he nears the enemy, however, he receives a message stating that the Germans have made no advances against the Romans and that they will not refuse to fight if they are attacked. Civil Wars Book 1 (50 B.C.E.) A different take on Caesar's Gallic War, chapter 1, book 4. Learn gallic wars book 1 julius with free interactive flashcards. 1st Edition. Gallic Wars Book 3 (56 B.C.E.) The Gallic Wars were a series of conflicts caused by Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul that occurred on Earth-1 prior to 49 BC. Its chief cities were Massilia (Marseilles), an old Greek free city, and the capital, Narbo (Narbonne), a Roman colony. the constellations of the great and little Bear. The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae. contĭnenter: (adv. Posted By joseph s crary at Mon 1 Oct 2007, 5:14 AM in The Gallic Wars || 2 Replies. humanitate: ‘refinement’ (Kelsey, provinciae: the province of Gallia Narbonensis, organized about B. C. 120. Julius Caesar wrote commentaries on the wars he fought in Gaul between 58 and 52 B.C., in seven books one for each year. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. contineō, -tinēre: contain, hold together; (passive) be bordered by + abl. Book III. Of these, the bravest are the Belgae, but even their warriors are no match for the courageous Helvetii, a tribe of the … Caesar therefore confers with the Gallic chiefs and decides to make immediate war on the Germans. (Rice Holmes), Belgae: Belgae -arum m., the Belgae or Belgians; Aquitani, -orum m.: the Aquitani, inhabiting southwestern Gaul;Celtae, -arum m: the Celtae or Celts (Walker), Gallos...dividit: the verb is singular, because the two rivers make one boundary; as we should say, ‘is divided by the line of the Seine and Marne.’ (Allen & Judson; ( AG 317b), Garumna:  Garumna, -ae m., the river Garumna now the Garonne. A brief description of the great divisions of Gaul, and of their inhabitants. (Allen & Judson), spectat inter etc. ... Caesar's Wars with the Germans. the Gallic arms and ensigns. Helvētius, -a, -um: Helvetian;as subst., m., a Helvetian; pl., the Helvetii, a rich and powerful tribe, whose country was nearly the same as modern Switzerland. Strictly speaking, there exists no Gallic nation. Gallōs ab Aquītānīs Garumna flūmen, ā Belgīs Mātrona et Sēquana dīvidit. h�bbd``b`9$[A��`� $����i@B���ob`b� �I#����` � The Gallic Wars. The core foundation of Latin literature and plainest prose style is dē factō the work of Julius Caesar, and few books are more famous in world history than his Gallic Wars. Gallic Wars, (58–50 bce), campaigns in which the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar conquered Gaul. And, as an aid to his readers, he provides expository information for those who are unfamiliar with the far-off lands and people encountered during his forays. Caesar's Gallic War. endstream endobj startxref The name Provincia has come down to us in the modern Provence. Caesar's commentaries on his Gallic Wars provide us with the most detailed surviving eye-witness account of a campaign from antiquity. Dickinson College CommentariesDepartment of Classical StudiesDickinson CollegeCarlisle, PA  17013 USAdickinsoncommentaries@gmail.com(717) 245-1493, ‘Gaul as a whole,’ contrasted with Gaul in the narrower sense, or Celtic Gaul; Celtic Gaul also is often called Gallia. (Allen & Greenough) historical map satellite image, mercatores: nom. Gallōs ab Aquītānīs Garumna flūmen, ā Belgīs Mātrona et Sēquana dīvidit. Pompey, the proconsul, that since he was remaining near the city invested with military command for the interests of the commonwealth, he would command those men whom when consul … This chapter covers the initial Helvetii migration up until the battle on the river Siene. Gallic Wars Book 8 (51-50 B.C.E.) Gallic Wars Book 6 (53 B.C.E.) Campaign Map for Book 1.1-29 by Arthur Tappan Walker. Quite different is the evidence found in the seven books of the Gallic War written by Caesar himself, and the ei ghth book composed by Hirtius. Belgae ab extrēmīs Galliae fīnibus oriuntur; pertinent ad īnferiōrem partem flūminis Rhēnī; spectant in septentriōnem et orientem sōlem. Caesar regards the whole country from the standpoint of 'The Province'. Commentarii de Bello Gallico (English: Commentaries on the Gallic War), also simply Bellum Gallicum (English: Gallic War), is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. Map: Gaul in the Time of Caesar by Edward Stanford Ltd. Map of Gaul, Germany, and Britain by Peters and Son, Map of Gallia Antiqua by Greenough, D'ooge, and Daniell, Campaign Map for Book 1.1-29 by Arthur Tappan Walker, Map: Campaign of 58 BC by Greenough, D'ooge, and Daniell, Campaign Map of 58 and 57 BC by F.W. commentariorum libri vii de bello gallico cum a. hirti supplemento Gallia...omnis: ‘Gaul as a whole,’ contrasted with Gaul in the narrower sense, or Celtic Gaul; Celtic Gaul also is often called Gallia. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869. ISBN: 978-1 … 2193 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<4909D65C8020C84FBBB598901BEB20AD>]/Index[2185 21]/Info 2184 0 R/Length 60/Prev 1001741/Root 2186 0 R/Size 2206/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Hōrum omnium fortissimī sunt Belgae, proptereā quod ā cultū atque hūmānitāte prōvinciae longissimē absunt, minimēque ad eōs mercātōrēs saepe commeant atque ea quae ad effēminandōs animōs pertinent important, proximīque sunt Germānīs, quī trāns Rhēnum incolunt, quibuscum continenter bellum gerunt. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. Works of Julius Caesar: Gallic Wars Book 1 (58 B.C.E.) $59.99. Chapter 1 Caesar, expecting for many reasons a greater commotion in Gaul, resolves to hold a levy by the means of M. Silanus C. Antistius Reginus, and T. Sextius, his lieutenants: at the same time he requested Cn. The companion College Vergil commentary (AP selections) is available on this website here. xxii, 619 p., [8] folded leaves of plates, maps ; 17 cm. Book 6 Chapter 1.3 Hīs rēbus adductī et auctōritāte Orgetorīgis permōtī, cōnstituērunt ea quae ad proficīscendum pertinērent comparāre, iūmentōrum et carrōrum quam māximum numerum coëmere, sēmentēs quam māximās facere ut in itinere cōpia frūmentī suppeteret, cum proximīs cīvitātibus pācem et amīcitiam cōnfīrmāre. The Gallic Wars 216. by Julius Caesar. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 3.23; Cross-references to this page (11): Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, SYNTAX OF THE VERB To provide readers of Greek and Latin with high interest texts equipped with media, vocabulary, and grammatical, historical, and stylistic notes. Sequana, -ae m.: the river Sequana, now the Seine (Walker), cultu atque humanitate: cultus indicates the outward characteristics of civilization (dress, habits of life, etc. With his cavalry and their supplies, he begins the march. Commentary references to this page (1): J. Dodge, Map: Gaul in the Time of Caesar by G.W. 6:1 Caesar, expecting for many reasons a greater commotion in Gaul, resolves to hold a levy by the means of M. Silanus C. Antistius Reginus, and T. Sextius, his lieutenants: at the same time he requested Cn. Book 4: Chapters 24-35 Book 6: Chapters 13-20. Translator. The Gal-lic War offers fixed dates only at the very beginning of books 1 and 8. The Gallic Wars Julius Caesar TRANSLATED BY W. A. MCDEVITE AND W. S. BOHN BOOK 1 Chapter 1 All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in our Gauls, the third. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. prae-cēdo -ĕre -cessī-cessum: surpass, excel, contendo -tendere -tendi, -tentum: fight with, contend against, vie with, ob-tĭnĕo -tinēre -tĭnŭi -tentum: hold, possess, keep possession of, Rhodanus, -i m.: the river Rhodanus, the Rhone. Book I. In the first 10 minutes I provide 5 Campaign/Battle Maps which are directly related to the events in Book 1 (58 B.C.). W. A. McDevitte. The Gallic War by Caesar was written just over two thousand years ago by one of the greatest military minds the world has ever known. NOOK Book. Introduction The Amsterdam Caesar Codex. 0 This is from the podcast series The History Of Rome by Mike Duncan.He currently does The Revolutions podcasthttp://www.revolutionspodcast.com/ Caesar’s Commentaries on the Gallic War. Aquītānia ā Garumnā flūmine ad Pȳrēnaeōs mōntēs et eam partem Ōceanī quae est ad Hispāniam pertinet; spectat inter occāsum sōlis et septentriōnēs. The Latin is read by Chris Francese. %%EOF Quite different is the evidence found in the seven books of the Gallic War written by Caesar himself, and the ei ghth book composed by Hirtius. Kelsey, http://dcc.dickinson.edu/caesar/book-1/chapter-1-1. Hī omnēs linguā, īnstitūtīs, lēgibus inter sē differunt. Civil Wars Book 2 (49 B.C.E.) Below are useful files that complement the College Caesar textbook. The whole may be freely translated 'which, as has been said, the Gauls occupy'. The exam expects you to read not just these passages, but also the rest of Books I, VI, and VII of Caesar's Commentaries in English. The Gallic Wars, the series of campaigns waged by Julius Caesar on behalf of the Roman Senate between 58-50 BC, were among the defining conflicts of the Roman era. Caesar's Gallic War, Book 1: Being the Latin Text in the Original Order, with a Literal Interlinear Translation, and with an Elegant Translation in the Margin ... Julius Caesar. The word is used both in the singular (as a compound) and in the plural. : i.e. (Walker), ab Sequanis: ‘on the side of the Sequani.’ (Merryweather & Tancock) ( AG 429.b), in septentriones…solem: i.e. The Gallic Wars has been divided into the following sections: Book 1 [106k] Book 2 [60k] Book 3 [53k] Book 4 [64k] Book 5 [98k] Book 6 [77k] Book 7 [153k] Book 8 [87k] Download: … Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2011, revised and enlarged 2018. as well as the Belgians (Towle & Jenks); ‘also,’ always follows the emphatic word, ‘because they (just as the Belgians) dwell near the Germans.’ (Harper & Tolman) ( AG 322), in eorum finibus: eorum refers to the Germans (Walker). ), continuously, without interruption. Gallic Wars Book 5 (54 B.C.E.) Bohn. Gallic Wars Book 7 (52 B.C.E.) Translator. $10.95. Learn gallic wars book 1 julius with free interactive flashcards. Book 1: Chapters 1-7 Book 5: Chapters 24-48. Traders and peddlers from Massilia (Marseilles) and northern Italy brought wine (their most attractive commodity) and other luxuries on pack mules or even on their own backs (Towle & Jenks), commeant: ‘make their way to’ (Kelsey); words of motion compounded with cum often contain an idea of ‘hither and thither’ (Walpole). The campaign promises to be a very difficult one, but Caesar has several good reasons for pursuing it: it is outrageous that Roman officials have been taken prisoner and these nations have renewed the war after having made peace terms, and, worst of all, if the rebels aren't put down, then other Gallic tribes might also be stimulated to rebel. Book 6 Chapter 1.3 Hīs rēbus adductī et auctōritāte Orgetorīgis permōtī, cōnstituērunt ea quae ad proficīscendum pertinērent comparāre, iūmentōrum et carrōrum quam māximum numerum coëmere, sēmentēs quam māximās facere ut in itinere cōpia frūmentī suppeteret, cum proximīs cīvitātibus pācem et amīcitiam cōnfīrmāre. ], Caesar, when departing from his winter quarters into Italy, as he had been accustomed to do yearly, commands the lieutenants whom he appointed over the legions to take care that during the winter as many ships as possible should be built, and the old repaired. toward the northeast (Walker). Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn. From Ancient to Medieval Latin, then on to Modern English I’ve a slightly different take on chapter 1, Book 4…. Buy The Gallic Wars by Caesar, Julius, Holmes, Thomas (ISBN: 9781536876154) from Amazon's Book Store. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. Gallic Wars Book 7 (52 B.C.E.) in Gaul, Germany, and Britain. Septentriones -um m.: 'the north,' lit. The Gal-lic War offers fixed dates only at the very beginning of books 1 and 8. $26.99. Clad in the bloodred cloak he usually wore “as his distinguishing mark of battle,” Caesar led his troops to victories throughout the province, his major triumph being the defeat of the Gallic army led by the chieftain Vercingetorix, in 52 bce. Labienus, as he had been ordered by Caesar not to come to an engagement unless [Caesar's] own forces were seen near the enemy's camp, that the attack upon the enemy might be made on every side at the same time, was, after having taken All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. 5 Scholars have, therefore, been reduced to … Gallic Wars, (58–50 bce), campaigns in which the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar conquered Gaul. Chapter 1.1 Gallia est omnis dīvīsa in partēs trēs, quārum ūnam incolunt Belgae, aliam Aquītānī, tertiam quī ipsōrum linguā Celtae, nostrā Gallī appellantur. Book 1. Gaius Julius Caesar Commentaries on the Gallic War translated by W.A. c. iulius caesar (100 – 44 b.c.) (Towle & Jenks), ad effeminandos animos: ‘to weaken the courage’ (Walker)( AG 506), qua de causa: ‘For this reason’ (Kelsey); ‘and for this reason’: referring back to proximi, etc., and further explained by quod…contendunt ( AG 404c), quoque: i.e. ... Christopher Francese, Caesar: Selections from the Gallic War. c. iulius caesar (100 – 44 b.c.) $1.99. Clad in the bloodred cloak he usually wore “as his distinguishing mark of battle,” Caesar led his troops to victories throughout the province, his major triumph being the defeat of the Gallic army led by 2185 0 obj <> endobj Chapter 1. (Merryweather & Tancock). ); humanitas, the moral characteristics (refinement of thought and feeling, education, etc.) 2. These are the Belgae, the Aquitani, and the Celtae (Gauls). Matrona, -ae m.: the river Matrona, now the Marne. 1. 7:1 Gaul being tranquil, Caesar, as he had determined, sets out for Italy to hold the provincial assizes. Hardcover. eorum una pars: Eorum refers back to the Gauls as a whole, not to the Helvetii, who have just been mentioned. quam Gallos obtinere: quam is the object, Gallos the subject of obtinere; the infinitive clause quam...obtinere is the subject of dictum est. W. S. Bohn. Gallic Wars Book 6 (53 B.C.E.) The Gallic Wars Julius Caesar TRANSLATED BY W. A. MCDEVITE AND W. S. BOHN BOOK 1 Chapter 1 All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in our Gauls, the third. Civil Wars Book 3 (48-47 B.C.E.) The Gallic Wars By Julius Caesar ... Book 4 : Chapter 1 The following winter (this was the year in which Cn. Caesar's Gallic War, Book 1: Being the Latin Text in the Original Order, with a Literal Interlinear Translation, and with an Elegant Translation in the Margin ... Julius Caesar. Hinds & Noble, 1898 - Gaul - 393 pages. The Gallic Wars Caesar portrayed his invasion of Gaul as being a defensive pre-emptive action, most historians agree that the wars were fought primarily to boost Caesar's political career and to … By Julius Caesar. In it Caesar describes the battles and intrigues that took place in the nine years he spent fighting local armies in Gaul that opposed Roman domination. All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in our Gauls, the third. book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8. chapter: ... C. Julius Caesar. 5 Scholars have, therefore, been reduced to relying on occasional temporal clues (for ex- A map of all locations mentioned in the text and notes of the Aetia. Construe saepe with commeant, minime with both commeant and important; ‘least of all do traders (often resort) make frequent journeys back and forth to them and bring in', etc. Choose from 500 different sets of gallic wars book 1 julius flashcards on Quizlet. These recordings are derived from the Ørberg LLPSI edition, which contains introductory citations for the sake of context, and the partially abridged books 1, 4, and 5. The Seduni and Veragri combine against him.—III. Harper & Brothers. Boynton. Caesar leads off his forces to the next hill: [and] draws them up in battle-order. A map animation for Julius Caesar, Gallic War 1.1, made by Alice Ettling using Google Earth. I.--. Links to resources for finding sight reading passages of moderate difficulty, most with glosses. Latin and English on opposite pages. Paperback $ 10.95. 1 Review . commentariorum libri vii de bello gallico cum a. hirti supplemento Gallic Wars Book 2 (57 B.C.E.) There is also an 8th book, written by Aulus Hirtius. Unfortunately many people think it is a scholarly work, which it is not, it is a war diary, carefully edited for political consumption. Caesar's Gallic Wars essays chronicle the history of his military engagements during the years 58-51 B.C. The Gallic Wars Summary Caesar portrayed his invasion of Gaul as being a defensive pre-emptive action, most historians agree that the wars were fought primarily to boost Caesar's political career and to pay off his massive debts. The Gallic Wars are described by Julius Caesar in his book Commentarii de Bello Gallico, which is the main source for the conflict but is considered to be unreliable at best by modern historians. Lucius Domitius and Appius Claudius being consuls [54 B.C. The Gallic Wars By Julius Caesar Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 1.2; Cross-references to this page (3): Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, SYNTAX OF THE VERB; Anne Mahoney, Overview of Latin Syntax, Nouns, Adjectives, and Pronouns This a parallel presentation of the works of Julius Caesar in Latin and English translation. McDevitte and W.S. Commentary references to this page (1): J. Hī omnēs linguā, īnstitūtīs, lēgibus inter sē differunt. Book Summary Caesar's Gallic Wars essays chronicle the history of his military engagements during the years 58-51 B.C. Galba resolved to winter at Octodurus.—II. Caesar, inasmuch as he kept in remembrance that Lucius Cassius, the consul, had been slain, and his army routed and made to pass under the yoke by the Helvetii, did not think that [their request] ought to be granted: nor was he of opinion that men of hostile disposition, All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third. Gallic Wars Book 1 (58 B.C.E.) Table of Contents. There he receives intelligence of the death of Clodius; and, being informed of the decree of the senate, [to the effect] that all the youth of Italy should take the military oath, he determined to hold a levy throughout the entire province. Description. %PDF-1.6 %���� Gallic Wars Book 4 (55 B.C.E.) (Kelsey), , inhabiting southwestern Gaul;Celtae, -arum m: the Celtae or, Garumna, -ae m., the river Garumna now the, General Map of the Peoples of Gaul in the Time of Caesar by Eugene Stoffel, Map of Gaul in Caesar's Time by H. Meusel, Map: Physical Features of Gaul by T.A. Sēquanī -ōrum m.: a Celtic nation in the upper valley of the Arar or Saône, vergo -ĕre: to bend, turn, incline; lie, be situated, occāsus -ūs m.: setting (of the heavenly bodies); the west. Gallia est omnis dīvīsa in partēs trēs, quārum ūnam incolunt Belgae, aliam Aquītānī, tertiam quī ipsōrum linguā Celtae, nostrā Gallī appellantur. ‘Gaul, taken as a whole, is divided’. (Walpole), Gallia, -ae, f.: Gaul, roughly equivalent to modern France. Choose from 500 different sets of gallic wars book 1 julius flashcards on Quizlet. Pompey and M. Crassus were consuls), those Germans [called] the Usipetes, and likewise the Tenchtheri, with a great number of men, crossed the Rhine, not far from the place at which that river discharges itself into the sea. Alexandrian War 1:1 All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in our Gauls, the third. Harper's New Classical Library. Quā dē causā Helvētiī quoque reliquōs Gallōs virtūte praecēdunt, quod ferē cotīdiānīs proeliīs cum Germānīs contendunt, cum aut suīs fīnibus eōs prohibent aut ipsī in eōrum fīnibus bellum gerunt. Aquitānī -ōrum m.: the Aquitani, inhabiting southwestern Gaul, īnstitutum -i n.: fixed course or principle; habit, institution, custom, proptĕrĕā: for that cause, on that account; proptĕrĕā quod, 'for the reason that', 'because', cultus -ūs m.: training, education, culture, hūmānĭtas -ātis f.: liberal education, elegance of manners or language, refinement, com-mĕo -āre: go up and down, come and go, visit frequently, ef-fēmĭno -āre: to make womanish, enervate, weaken, importo -āre: bring in, import; introduce. On this page you will find the text for the passages from Caesar's Gallic Wars that are required reading in Latin for the AP Latin exam in 2012. Published 1916. The country referred to as Gaul exists only in terms of a geographic label, for within its boundaries live three separate and warring peoples who differ in languages, customs, and laws. I. Caesar, a the close of the late campaign, sent Servius Galba into the territories of the Nantuates, Veragri, and Seduni, with permission to winter there, if expedient; his reason for this. View All Available Formats & Editions. Kate Gilliver makes use of this account and other surviving evidence to consider the importance of the Gallic Wars in the context of the collapse of the Roman Republic and its slide toward civil war. Author Caesar, Julius. Episode three of the Gallic wars series covers Ariovistus and the Preliminary Moves made by Ariovistus and Caesar. Rhenus, -i m.: the river Rhenus, the Rhine.
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